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"PRACTICAL SOLUTIONS TO ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS--SELECTED CASES OF OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY"

19710375
Journal:
Author: P.S. Cowen

In this paper, practical methods for solving occupational health and safety problems are suggested. Many problem areas are not common to all foundries. Certain selected areas are discussed. These are: 1) injury rates, 2) silicosis incidents; 3) hearing conservation and 4) metal emissions. A factor that is not evident in the survey summaries is worthy of note. An examination of individual plant reports show that 50% of the injuries occur in 15% of the plants employing 20% of the industry work force. Further examination shows 20% of the injuries occurring in another 15% of the plants employing 18% of the force. The balance of the industry, 70% of the plants, employ 62% of the workers and incur only 30% of the injuries. Practical solutions to environmental problems must be sought in a rational manner. Conventional management engineering techniques can be applied for problem solving. Problem areas, hazards and degrees of exposure are not uniform throughout our industry. There are standard reference bases for comparing desired goals. Solutions to reach these goals should be based on conception, planning and implementation. Alternatives for implementing solutions can be administrative, engineering control or personal protection.



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